Behavioral Leadership Theories are developed scientifically by behavior-focused studies of a leader‘s behavior in conditioned situation that one can have a specific response to specific stimuli. This behavior-focused approach provides real marketing potential.
Behavioral Leadership Theories are developed by scientifically studying the behaviors of leaders and effects of them on the workforce and environment.
Many behavioral scientists have attempted to identify appropriate behavioral patterns of leadership styles. Some of the important contributions in this regard include Michigan University Studies and Ohio State Studies.
The behavioral scientists don’t concentrate on the traits of leaders, rather they study the activities of leaders to identify their behavioral patterns.
There are two most common theories will come up every time we talk about Behavioral Leadership Theories, Michigan Leadership Studies and Ohio State Leadership Studies.
Michigan Leadership Studies
Michigan Leadership Studies is a behavioral Leadership Theory that indicates the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan conducted empirical studies to identify styles of leader behavior that results in higher performance an; satisfaction of a group.
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The value of Michigan Leadership Studies lies in the analysis of two leadership styles—task and employee-oriented styles. Instead of restricting to traits of leaders, they concentrated on the behavior of leaders.
Ohio State Leadership Studies
Ohio State Leadership Studies is Behavioral Leadership Theory. Series of studies on leadership were done by the Ohio State University in 1945 to identify observable behaviors of leaders instead of focusing of their individual traits.
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Ohio State Leadership Studies showed that initiating structure and consideration are two distinct dimensions and not mutually exclusive. A low score on one does not require high score on the other.
Consideration is the people orientation and initiating structure is the task orientation. The Ohio state studies were conducted around the same time as the Michigan Leadership Studies, which also identified as critical the focus on task and people.