Learning has taken a place if an individual behaves, reacts, and responds in a way which is taken from other as a result of experiences.
Generally, learning can be defined as the relatively permanent change in behavior potentiality that results from reinforced practice or experience. It can change our behavior.
By birth, every people learned from his environment.
On the other hand, knowledge or skill gained through schooling or study is also called learning. Learning has many components.
10 components of learning are;
- Learning involves change. Change may good or bad from an organizational point of view. People can learn unfavorable behaviors to hold prejudices or to restrict their output.
- The changed must be ingrained. Temporary changes may be only reflexive and may not represent learning. Therefore the requirement that learning must be relatively permanent in nature.
- Some form of experience is necessary for learning. Experience may be acquired directly through observation or practice, or it may be acquired indirectly, as through reading.
- Learning involves concentration and participation. It usually is quicker and long-lasting when the learner participates actively. As a result of participation, people learn more quickly and retain that learning longer.
- Learning does not occur in a specific place like in a classroom. It is informal and it can be acquired anywhere, at any time.
- There is no specific time for learning. A person can learn different things in his total lifetime.
- Learning is concerned with behavior. A change in an individual’s thought processes or attitudes, if not accompanied by a change in behavior, would not be learning.
- Learners benefited more from constructing deep explanations of the material than memorizing the facts. If there is no explanation in learning than the learning will be difficult for learners.
- There are multiple ways to learn things. But the learner should know which one is the best way of learning and select this one.
- It is related to frequent feedback which learners should get from instructors and peers throughout the learning process. Without it, even well-learned abilities will go away. Ewell emphasizes that the feedback will be most effective if it is delivered in an enjoyable setting that involves personal interactions and a considerable level of personal support.
Learning is activity and experience. It is a reflection upon experience. It is making connections and finding patterns. It is the consequences of being involved in some valued activity in a culture, and as such, it is a byproduct of participation in the cultural activity, not the direct product of some study of facts about the world.
Though there are specific time and place for learning, people try to learn new things and apply those things in reality.
A lot of our learning occurs randomly throughout life, from new experiences, gaining information and from our perceptions.
For example: reading a newspaper or watching a news broadcast, talking with a friend or colleague, chance meetings, and unexpected experiences.