Employment separation is a decision that the individual and the organization should part. It may be initiated by the employer or the employee.
Additionally, it may be motivated by disciplinary, economic, business or personal reasons.
The HR department’s role is to find the most satisfactory method of conducting the separation in a way that minimizes the harm to the organization and the individual.
Separations can take several forms such as temporary leaves of absence, attrition, lay-offs, and termination.
Types of Employment Separation
Temporary Leaves of Absentee
Employees sometimes need to leave their jobs temporarily. The reasons may be medical family, educational, recreational and other motives.
When the reasons are both or adoption; caring for an ill spouse, child or parent; or a serious health condition that makes the employee unable to perform his job. the employee is entitled to twelve weeks’ leave in a twelve-month (depends on the existing law of your country).
Attrition is the normal separation of people from an organization as a result of resignation, retirement or death. It is initiated by the individual worker, not by the company.
In most organizations, the key component of attrition is resignation, which is voluntary separation.
Lay-offs entail the separation of employees from the organization for economic or business reasons.
The separation may last only a few weeks if its purpose is to adjust inventory levels or allow a factory to retool for a new product. When caused by a business cycle, lay-offs may last many months or years.
However, if it occurs because of restructurings such as downsizing or mergers and acquisitions, a “temporary” lay-off may become permanent.
Termination is a broad term that encompasses permanent separation from the organization for any reason. Usually, this term implies that the person was fired as a form of disciplinary action.
When people are discharged for business or economic reasons, it is commonly called a lay-off.
Sometimes, however, the employer needs to separate some employees for business reasons and has no plans to rehire them. Rather than being laid off, those people are simply terminated. Employees leave for many reasons such as dismissal, resignation, redundancy, and retirement.