Entrepreneurship is the dynamic process of creating incremental wealth and innovating things of value that have a bearing on the welfare of an entrepreneur. It provides civilization with enormous amount of goods and services and enhances the growth of social welfare.
The man behind the entrepreneurship is an action oriented and highly motivated individual who is ready to achieve goals.
M. Kirzner (1973) observes entrepreneurs as; “one who perceives what others have not seen and acts upon that perception”.
Thus, entrepreneurs take the economy and the society that is the whole civilization to the state of progress and prosperity.
Taking this into consideration we can describe the Significance or importance of entrepreneurship which is stated below.
1. Growth of Entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurship the advent of new venture particularly small ventures in order to materialize the innovative ideas of the entrepreneurs. Thus, the growth or establishment of small enterprises ii the specific contribution of entrepreneurship in in every economy of the world.
The statistics reveals that in USA economy nearly half a million small enterprise are established every year. Our country is not an exception in this regard.
2. A Creation of job opportunities
Entrepreneurship firms contributed a large share of new jobs. It provides entry-level jobs so necessary fur training or gaining experience for unskilled workers.
The small enterprises arc the only sector that generates large portion of total employment every year. Moreover, entrepreneurial ventures prepare and supply experienced labor to the large industries.
Entrepreneurship is the incubator of the innovation. Innovation creates disequilibria in the present state of order.
It goes beyond discovery and does implementation and commercialization, of innovations. “Leap frog” innovation, research, and development are being contributed by entrepreneurship.
Thus, entrepreneurship nurses innovation that provides new ventures, product, technology , market, quality of good etc. to the economy that increase Gross Domestic Products and standard of living of the people.
4. Impact on community development
A community is better off if its employment base is diversified among many small entrepreneurial firms.
It promotes abundant retail facilities, a higher level of home ownership, fewer slums, better, sanitation standards and higher expenditure of education, recreation and religious activities. Thus, entrepreneurship leads to more stability and a higher quality of community life.
5. Consequence of business failure
The collapse of large industry almost has irresistible damage to the development of state and to the state of economy and to the financial condition of the relevant persons. The incumbents lost their jobs: suppliers and financial institutions face a crisis of recovery.
Customers are deprived from goods, services, and the government losses taxes. This could not happen in the case of failure of entrepreneurship. There shall be no measurable effect upon the economy and no political repercussions too.
6. Political and economic integration of outsiders
Entrepreneurship is the most effective way of integrating those who feel disposed and alienated into the economy. Minorities, migrants and women are safely integrated into entrepreneurship that will help lo develop a well-composed plural society.
7. Spawns entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurship is the nursing ground for new inexperienced adventurists. It is the field where a person can start his/her idea of venture, which may be ended up in a giant enterprise. All the large industrial ventures started as a small entrepreneurial enterprise.
Therefore, entrepreneurship provides wide spectrum of ventures and entrepreneurs in every economy. The vast open arena of entrepreneurship thus, acts as incubator to entrepreneurs.
8. Enhances standard of living
Standard of living is a concept built on increasing amount of consumption of variety of goods and services over a particular period by a household.
So it depends on availability of diversified products in the market. Entrepreneurship provides enormous kinds product of various natures by their innovation.
Besides, it increases the income of the people who are employed in the entrepreneurial enterprises. That also capable employed persons to consumer more goods and services. In effect entrepreneurship enhances the standard of living of the people of a country.
9. Promotes research and development
Entrepreneurship is innovation and hence the innovated ideas of goods and services have to be tested by experimentation. Therefore, entrepreneurship provides funds for research and development with universities and research institutions. This promotes the general development o:’ research and development in the economy.
Entrepreneurship is the pioneer zeal that provides events in our civilization. We are indebted to it for having prosperity in every arena of human life- economic, technological and cultural.
The above discussion in a nutshell enumerates that tremendous’ contributions of entrepreneurship.