Likert 4 Management Leadership Styles comes from the Famous psychologist Rensis Likert and his associates conducted an extensive survey of management and leadership patterns in a large number of organizations.
They identified four styles of management or managerial leadership which are discussed briefly as under;
Style-1: Exploitative-Authoritative Leadership Style
In Exploitative-Authoritative Leadership Style; the manager has no confidence or trust in subordinates. Subordinates feel no freedom to discuss things about the job with their superior. In solving job problems, manager seldom gets ideas and opinions of subordinates.
Style-2: Benevolent-Autocratic Leadership Style
In Benevolent-Autocratic Leadership Style; the manager has condescending confidence and trust in subordinates, motivates with rewards and some punishments, permits some upward communication, solicits some ideas and opinions from subordinates and allows some delegation of decision making but with close policy control.
Style-3: Consultative Leadership Style
Consultative Leadership Style indicates that Manager has substantial but not complete confidence and trust in subordinates but still wishes to keep control of decisions.
Subordinates feel free to discuss things about the job with their superior. The manager gets ideas and opinions and tries to make constructive use of them.
Style-4: Democratic Leadership Style
In Democratic Leadership Style, the manager has complete confidence and trust in subordinates and allows them a direct equal participation in decision making.
Subordinates also feel completely free to discuss things about the job with their superior. The manager always asks subordinates for their ideas and opinions and makes constructive use of them.
Likert found style 3 and 4 as high producing while styling 1 and 2 as low producing. Likert also suggested extensive and intensive leadership training at all levels of management to move into style-4 as early as possible.
Likert 4 Management Leadership Styles study and its findings give a through the perspective of the leadership styles, and how each leadership style influences the organization’s structure, value system, attitude towards workers, productivity level, and total environment of the organization.
Likert 4 Management Leadership Styles indicates which leadership style is suitable for which types of organization in a scientific method.