Speech can be defined as the faculty or act of expressing or describing thoughts, feelings, or perceptions by the articulation of words. Although speech is an effective medium of communication, it is not free from defects.
8 limitations, disadvantages of speech or defects are as follows;
Chance of misunderstanding
Speech is one kind of oral deliberation. Therefore, it can create misunderstanding if the audience does not listen carefully and attentively.
Possibility of denial
Speech has no documentary proof unless it is recorded. As a result, either the speaker or the audience may deny the message to gain advantage.
Lack of legal validity
In absence of any record, speech has no validity in the eye of law.
Speech is not suitable in transmitting message except in meeting, seminar, symposium etc. It is also not a suitable in of supervision and direction.
Reduce the importance of message
While delivering the speech, sometimes the speaker gives more importance on his dress up and movement rather than on the information being communicated.
In such situation, the importance of the message reduces.
Distortion of meaning
Speech can also lead to the distortion of meaning if the speaker fails to deliver clearly or the audience fails to listen attentively.
Presence of emotion
Emotion is an important part of effective delivery of speech. If the speaker becomes emotional at the time of giving speech, the message may loss its objective.
Delivering irrelevant speech
Sometimes the speaker gives lengthy and irrelevant speech to the audience.This creates the audience annoyed and reduces the importance of the main theme.