Management is process of setting and reaching goals in effective and efficient way. Management process has some Qualities or features. In this post; we are going to try to understand what the features of management are.
MANAGEMENT IS USUALLY ASSOCIATED WITH GROUP EFFORTS
It is usual to associate management with a group. Although people as individuals manage many personal affairs, the group emphasis of management is universal.
Each and every enterprise entails the existence of a group to achieve goals. It is now established that goals are achieved more readily by a group than by any one person alone.
MANAGEMENT IS PURPOSEFUL
Wherever there is management there is a purpose. Management, in fact, deals with the achievement of something definite, expressed as a goal or objective.
Management success is commonly measured by the extent to which objectives are achieved. Management exists because it is an effective means of getting the necessary work accomplished.
MANAGEMENT IS ACCOMPLISHED THROUGH THE EFFORTS OF OTHERS
Management is sometimes defined as “getting things done through others’ efforts.” Besides the manager of a firm, there may be accountants, engineers, system analysts, salesmen and a host of other employees working but it is the manager’s job to integrate all their activities.
Thus it can well be said that participation in management necessitates relinquishing the normal tendency to perform all things oneself and getting tasks accomplished through group efforts.
MANAGEMENT IS GOAL-ORIENTED
Managers focus their attention and efforts on bringing about successful action. Successful managers have an urge for accomplishment. They know when and where to start, what to do for keeping things moving, and how to follow through, a goal-oriented approach.
MANAGEMENT IS INDISPENSABLE
Management can neither be replaced nor substituted by anything else. Even the computer which is the wonderful invention of the twentieth century can only aid but not replace management.
We know that the computer is an extremely powerful tool of management. It can widen a manager’s vision and sharpen his insight by supplying more and faster information for making key decisions.
The computer has enabled the manager to conduct analysis far beyond the normal analytical capacities of man. But what happens in reality is that the computer can neither work by itself nor can it pass any judgment.
The manager plays his/her role by providing judgment and imagination as well as interpreting and evaluating what the information/data mean in each individual case.
MANAGEMENT IS INTANGIBLE
Management is often called the unseen force, its presence being evidenced by the results of its efforts – motivation among employees, discipline in the group, high productivity, adequate surplus etc.
Conversely, the identity of management may also be felt by its absence or by the presence of its direct opposite mismanagement. The consequence of mismanagement is anybody’s guess.
MANAGEMENT CAN ENSURE BETTER LIFE
A manager can do much to improve the work environment, stimulate people to perform better, achieve progress, bring hope and accomplish better things in life.