Managing is necessary whenever one needs to get things done. It may be called the practice of consciously and continually shaping organizations.
Each and every organization has people who are assigned with the responsibility of serving the organization to achieve its goals.
Those people are called managers. No organization can carry on its business without management, which is in turn supervised by managers.
Management is an universal phenomenon in the sense that it is common and essential element in all enterprises.
Every group effort requires setting objectives, making plans, handling people, co-coordinating and controlling activities, achieving goals and evaluating performance directed towards organizational goals.
These activities relate to the utilization of four types of inputs or resources from the environment—human, monetary, physical, and informational.
Human resources include managerial talent, labor, and so forth. Monetary resources are the financial capital the organization uses to finance both ongoing and long term operations.
Physical resources include raw materials, office and production facilities and equipment. Information resources are data and other kinds of information utilized by the organization.
The job of the manager is to combine and co-ordinate these resources to achieve the organization’s goals.
If we see our society closely, we will found management practices are being used in everywhere, our praying place, social parties, transport system, schools and everywhere.
So, no doubt that management is universal. But the practice of it is different in situations, positions, society.