The roles that a manager plays in the organization require having some skills. These are the skills or qualities that an organization looks for in person to assign him as a manager.
Let’s see and try to understand the skills required for managing.
1. TECHNICAL SKILL
Technical skill is knowledge of and proficiency in activities involving methods, processes, and procedures. Thus it involves working with tools and specific techniques. Technical skill is the ability to use the specialized knowledge, procedures and techniques of a field of activities.
Accountants, engineers, surgeons all have their technical skills necessary for their respective professions. Most managers, especially at the lower and middle levels, need technical skills for effective task performance.
For example, mechanics work with tools, and their supervisors should have the ability to teach them how to use these tools. Similarly, accountants apply specific techniques in doing their job. This skill is most necessary and valuable at supervisory level or first-level/first-level management.
2. CONCEPTUAL SKILL
Conceptual skill is the ability to see the “big picture,” to recognize significant element in a situation, and to understand the relationships among the elements.
Conceptual skill is the ability to co-ordinate and integrates all of an organization’s interests and activities.
It requires having the ability to visualize the enterprise as a whole, to envision all the functions involved in a given situation or circumstance, to understand how its parts depend on one another, and anticipate how a change in any of its parts will affect the whole.
A manager’s ability to think in the abstract and to view the organization in a holistic manner is important.
Suggesting a new product line for a company, introducing computer technology to the organization’s operations, or entering the international market; for making decision of this magnitudes a manager requires Conceptual skill is his personality.
3. INTERPERSONAL AND COMMUNICATION SKILL
Communication skill for a manager is must. Manager must be able to convey ideas and information to others and receive information and ideas of others effectively.
A manager’s job is to control the subordinates and gives high level managers or administrators information about what’s going on.
Communication skill enables a manager to perform them properly. Most of his time, a manager job is to interact with people inside and outside of organization.
Manager’s ability to communication with individuals and groups, controlling and motivation them is what Interpersonal and Communication skill is.A manager requires having an effective Interpersonal and communication skill to keep the responsibilities given to him.
4. DECISION MAKING SKILL
In simple words a manager’s job is to make decisions that will lead the organization to attainment of is goals.
Decision making skill is the skill that makes a manager able to recognize opportunities and threat and then select an appropriate course of action to tackle them is an efficient manner so that the organization can benefit for them.
Managers are not always going to make the best decision.
But a good manager most often makes good decision and learns from the bad ones. Decision making is skill that improves as managers gains more experience. Training or educating is also a good method to develop the Decision making skill of a manager.
5. DIAGNOSTIC AND ANALYTICAL SKILL
A good manager has Diagnostic and Analytical skill in his bags. Diagnostic skill refers to the ability to visualize the best response to a situation. Analytical skill means, the ability to identify the key variables in a situation.
Manager diagnostic skill and Analytical skill helps him to identify possible approaches to a situation. After that is also helps a manager to visualize result or outcomes this approaches.
This skill sounds similar to the decision making skill but it is actually the skill required to make the decision.
HOW MANAGERIAL SKILLS ARE INTERRELATED
These are the skills an ideal manager must have. If you look close enough, we will find the skill are inter-related and irreplaceable. A manager is appointed for making decision.
So, to make decision he or she needs to identify a situation which could be an opportunities or threat.
Conceptual knowledge is essential for this as it helps the manager have a complete understanding of the organization. A manager cannot make decision without the diagnosing and analyzing.
Diagnosing and analyzing the situation is required to tackle a situation and for this needs information and resources. Collecting Information and gathering resources requires communication with colleagues at work and peoples outsides the organization.
Persuading, leading, motivating is required and get the best out of them. A manager cannot just give decisions and sit in this office; he needs to have technical skill is for performing the task which was set by the decision.
A good manager has all these skills but it is not necessarily true that all of them are equally important or required for the assigned job or post of a manager. Relative importance of these skills of a manager depends on the manager rank of his in organizational hierarchy.