Types of Motivation Theories: Modern and Early Theories of Motivation

Theories of MotivationMotivation theories are used to understand, explain and influence human behavior.

Early and modern theories of motivation allow a manager to find the reasons for people’s actions, desires, and needs.

Motivation theories also explain how to influence one’s direction to behavior that allows controlling and guiding employees’ actions.

Many theories of motivation are developed by phycologists and human resources specialists.

Theories of Motivation

In the 1950s three specific theories were formulated and are the best known.

Read more: Motivation Process in Management and Organisational Behaviour

They are; Hierarchy of Needs Theory by Maslow. Theory X and Theory Y by Mcgregor and Two-factor theory of Herzberg.

The following theories are considered contemporary or modern not only because they necessarily were developed recently, but because they represent the current state of the art in explaining employee motivation.

Early theories are important as they represent a foundation from which contemporary theories have grown. Practicing managers still regularly use these theories and their terminology in explaining employee motivation.

In a nutshell, we can say that motivation is a means of inspiring people to intensify their desire and willingness to discharge their duties efficiently and to co-operate for the achievement of common objectives.