Entrepreneurship is an innovative process that involves with multifaceted and diversified activities for providing new things to the society and the civilization. The orientation makes it different and therefore.
Hans Schollhammer (1980) has classified entrepreneurship into five categories such as administrative, opportunistic, acquisitive, incubative and imitative entrepreneurship.
It may be classified as individual and mass entrepreneurship or private and public; entrepreneurship.
They are discussed in a nutshell below:
1. Administrative Entrepreneurship
The entrepreneurial activity under this category is centered around administrative techniques and functions. It gives new option to handle prevailing or future situations in more effective way that provides advantages and competitive edge.
Total Quality Management, job redesigning, new techniques of doing things, participative management or management by consensus is a few of the examples of administrative entrepreneurship that increases overall organizational efficiency and that nukes the firm successful and sustainable in the competitive market environment.
The old age pension scheme is such an administrative entrepreneurship of the government of Bangladesh.
2. Opportunistic entrepreneurship
There is a proverb “Hit! while iron is hot”. It is the best exhibit of the characteristic of this category of entrepreneurship. Environmental changes always offer new opportunities. But everybody is not equally capable to identify and to utilize that opportunity on time.
The entrepreneurship that identifies, exploits and executes the opportunity in the first hand regarded as opportunistic entrepreneurship.
3. Acquisitive entrepreneurship
The entrepreneurship that learns from others competences is acquisitive entrepreneurship.
It acquires something new of value front, the competitive environment or achieves the competitors’ technical capacities. It keeps the entrepreneurship sustainable in the competitive environment.
The failure never restraints them from acquisition but motivates them further to discover such a thing with new visitor.
4. Incubative entrepreneurship
This category of entrepreneurship generates and nurses new ideas and ventures within the organization. It executes them in the productive manner and ensures material gain for the organization.
They pursue and help getting differentiated technologies to promote creations and innovations Microsoft, Nokia etc. always incubates new varieties types of product and creates product differentiation in the market.
5. Imitative entrepreneurship
The entrepreneurship that imitates a good or service operating in the market under a franchise agreement is the imitative entrepreneurship. It is the medium that spread technology over the world.
It adopts an existing technology in countries over the world. It also adopts an existing technology with minor modification appropriate to the local condition.
6. Private Entrepreneurship
The entrepreneurship that is initiated under private sector is private entrepreneurship. Government gives various support services through private and public concerns that encourage private initiative in taking entrepreneurial ventures.
A lair and mutual relationship between private and public sectors would make economic development speedy and balanced
7. Public entrepreneurship
The entrepreneurship that is undertaken by the government through its various development agencies is public entrepreneurship. All countries, developed or under developed, take public initiative in venture ideas to fulfill the initial deficiency of private entrepreneurs.
8. Individual entrepreneurship
The entrepreneurship that is undertaken by an individual or a family with personal initiative is individual entrepreneurship.
9. Mass Entrepreneurship
This type of entrepreneurship emerges in an economy where a favorable climate of motivation and encouragement exist for developing wide range of entrepreneurship among general mass is mass entrepreneurship.’ It increases small and medium enterprises in a country.