Over the last several years, social issues have had a dramatic effect on the study and application of management and organizational behavior.
In the past, diversity was treated primarily as a legal issue; that is, for well over 40 years it has been directed against the law to discriminate against anyone.
Now organizations are beginning to realize that diversity is not just something to deal with, but instead, a reality to build on to make a stronger, more competitive enterprise.
In other words, the contemporary environmental context of diversity is no longer simply a “tack on” or afterthought in the study of organizational behavior; it plays a central role in today’s environment.
Diversity defines as the variety of experiences and perspective which arise from differences in race, culture, religion, mental or physical abilities, heritage, age, gender sexual orientation, gender identity and other characteristics.
Some people diversity’s firstly thought ethnicity and race, and then gender. But diversity is much broader.
Diversity is otherness or those human qualities that are different from our own and outside the groups, to which we belong, yet present in other individuals and groups.
It’s important to understand how these dimensions affect performance, motivation, success, and interactions with others.
Institutional structures and practices that have presented barriers to some aspects of diversity should be examined, challenged, and removed. The main reasons of diversity are given in the following figure:
Diversity also encompasses a wide variety of work experience, parental status, educational background, geographic location, and much more.
And managing diversity means more than just observing legal and policy requirements. It also means actively promoting community and comfort with the difference.
Workplace diversity can provide tremendous benefits in terms of improved morale, outside-the-box thinking, greater teamwork, and an atmosphere of mutual understanding and respect.
Managing Diversity in the Workplace
Managing diversity is a planning and implementing organizational systems and practices to manage people so that the potential advantages of diversity are maximized while its potential disadvantages are minimized.
Managing diversity well provides a distinct advantage in an era when flexibility and creativity are keys to competitiveness.
An organization needs to be flexible and adaptable to meet new customer needs.
More Diverse Workplace
Workplaces today are more diverse than they were in the past. In general, an organizational approach to managing diversity includes accepting differences among employees and blending them into the organizational culture.
Effective managers are aware that managing employees with diverse backgrounds calls for a different approach than it does for managing a group of employees with similar backgrounds.
Performance based HR Policies
Organizations should ensure that all HR policies (hiring, promotion, salary hikes and so on) are based on performance and do not discriminate against employees of any background.
Managers monitoring the employees should know the ‘discrimination laws’ and the consequences of breaking them.
Providing Diversity Training
Organizations should provide diversity training. This will help employees to understand how to deal with the challenges of dealing with diversity in the workplace.
Managers should create an environment that makes employees feel like a part of the bigger team.
To build trust among employees, managers should implement team-building exercises. Appreciating the contributions of various employees increases their confidence and morale and helps them to respect each other; thus helping in diversity management.
Freedom of Communication
One more important thumb rule for managing diversity in the workplace is to create an atmosphere where employees can practice open communication.
In business meetings, employees should be given a chance to speak and listen to others. They should also be given a suitable platform to express their concerns. It is important for the organization to treat the concerns of all employees equally.
Establish a Diversity Council
The diversity council deals with the development, implementation, and review of the action plan for cultivating diversity.
It is an opportunity to build accountability into the organization’s effort to manage diversity. The diversity council should also monitor complaints and investigate diversity-related issues.