Differences among Entrepreneurship, Intrapreneurship, Manager

Differences between Entrepreneurship and Intrapreneurship

The main difference between Entrepreneur and Intrapreneur is that Intrapreneur is an employee, and an Entrepreneur is free and the leader of the operation.

Intrapreneurship is the change initiatives taken within a going concern by the people working in that organization.

Hisrich and Peters define. “Intrapreneurship is the entrepreneurship within an existing organization”.

The definition implies that new initiatives, creativity, and dynamism that augment organizational competence are intrapreneurship.

Skinner and Ivancevich observe, Intrapreneur is an entrepreneurial person employed by a corporation anti encouraged to be innovative and creative’.

The expats suggest that intrapreneurship is such a thoughtful and creative initiative taken by the person working in the organization that eventually ensures organizational success, progress, competitive edge, and market sustainability.

Therefore Intrapreneurs are usually found in enterprises that encourage experimentation, tolerate failure, recognize success and share the wealth.

Thus, it bridges the gap between science and the marketplace.

Businesses today are facing hyper-competition. They need an Intrapreneurial spirit to bridge the gap between the demand of the market and the productive capacity of the organization.

Thus, organizations have to increase the creativity and innovation to sustain in the competitive market successfully.

Related: Difference between Leadership and Management

Therefore organizations use reward motivation, training, and development, recognition, incentives, etc. to encourage incumbents to be innovative and creative so that it may get competitive method, process, product and others to win and sustain in the market.

Entrepreneurship is a dynamic process of creating incremental wealth It is the process of creating something new of value by devoting necessary time and effort bearing the accompanying financial, psychic and social risks and receiving the resulting rewards of financial gums, personal satisfaction, and independence.

It increases national wealth, creates job opportunities, and prospers human civilization.

Schumpeter calls entrepreneurship as an innovating function that could have a bearing on the welfare of an entrepreneur.

Related: Why Leaders are Born but Managers are Made

Intrapreneurship is the entrepreneurship within the organization undertaken by the working people for making the organization competitive and sustainable in the present market and open economy Entrepreneurship and Intrapreneurship sound similar but they have got the difference in their meaning and significance.

In this context, we can show the differences between these two concepts in the following bifurcated manner;

Differences between Entrepreneurship and Intrapreneurship

Points of differenceIntrapreneurshipEntrepreneurship
DefinitionIntrapreneurship is the entrepreneurship within an existing organization.Entrepreneurship is the dynamic process of creating incremental wealth.
Core objectiveTo increase the competitive strength and market sustainability of the organization.To innovate something new of socio-economic value.
Primary motivesEnhance the rewarding capacity of the organization and autonomy.Innovation, financial gain tad independence.
ActivityDirect participation, which is more than a delegation of authority.Direct and total participation in the process of innovation. _
RiskHears moderate risk.Bears all types of risk.
StatusOrganizational employees expecting freedom at work.The free and sovereign person doesn’t bother with status.
Failure and mistakesKeep risky projects secret unless it is prepared due to high concern for failure and mistakes.Recognizes mistakes and failures to take new innovative efforts.
DecisionsCollaborative decisions to execute dreams.Independent decisions to execute dreams.
Whom servesOrganization and intrapreneur himself.Customers and entrepreneur himself.
Family heritageMay not have or a little professional post.Professional or small business family heritage.
Relationship with othersAuthority structure delineates the relation.A basic relationship based on interaction and negotiation.
Time orientationSelf-imposed or organizationally stipulated time limits.There is no time-bound.
The focus of attentionon Technology and market.Increasing sales and sustaining competition.
Attitude towards destinyFollows self-style beyond the given structure.Adaptive self-style considering Structure as inhabitants.
Attitude towards destinyStrong self-confidence and hope for achieving goals.Strong commitment to self-initiated efforts and goals.
OperationOperates from inside the organization.Operates from outside the organization.

Entrepreneurs and Managers or Are managers entrepreneurs?

Entrepreneur and managers often arc taken as synonyms but they are two different concepts with different meanings. Entrepreneurs are highly motivated persons who initiate new ventures.

Managers are employed persons who manage the ventures many new ventures, entrepreneurs act as managers.

These in roles have given birth to the confusion about the meaning of these terms and make these two terms the same to many people.

The following table exhibits the difference between these two terminologies from various points of view:

Difference between Entrepreneurs and Managers

Area of operationEntrepreneursManager
motiveTo start a venture of difference to provide with distinct qualitative goods or services to the economy.To render effective and efficient service in a created venture of the entrepreneur to run the venture successfully.
StatusOwner of the venture or the holder of the patented goods or service.Servant of the venture organization who is a salaried person and not independent of his employer, the entrepreneur.
Risk-takingAssumes all types of risks. He is not a gambler but he faces uncertainty and lakes both systematic and unsystematic risks.

It doesn’t take any risk.

He is responsible for systematic risks but not for any uncertainty involved in running the enterprise.

RewardThe profit is uncertain. Independence and psychic satisfaction.Salary, that is certain.
InnovationInnovate new ventures with the vision and values of the entrepreneur to meet the changing needs of the market and the organization with a new, differentiated, modified and effective way.Executes innovation developed by the entrepreneur. Managers translate the entrepreneur’s ideas into practice.
QualificationA set of entrepreneurial qualities.A set of managerial qualities.
ThinkingAbstract, creative and imaginative. Entrepreneurs have a high tolerance for ambiguity and uncertainty.Concrete, absolute and organizational. Managers have a low tolerance for ambiguity and seek.
Responses to authority

Do not submit to any authority and accept organizational roles that have driven them to become entrepreneurs.

They are a misfit for the given authority rather they enact their authority to obey and execute in their ventures.

Identify themselves in a positive constructive way with authority figures using them as role models.
OrientationSelf-oriented, action-oriented, highly motivated for achievement.Power-oriented while work along with others.

Comparison of Managers, Intrapreneurs and Entrepreneurs

To understand more about managers, intrapreneurs, and entrepreneurs; we have to compare them in their activities and roles.

FeaturesManagersEntrepreneursIntrapreneurs
Primary MotivePromotion and other traditional corporate rewards, such as office, staff, and power.Independence, opportunity to create, and moneyIndependence and ability to advance with the corporate rewards
Time orientationShort-term-meeting quota and budgets; weekly, monthly, quarterly, and the annual planning horizon.Survival and achieving 5-to 10- years growth of a businessBetween entrepreneurial and traditional managers, depending on urgency to meet the self-imposed and corporate timetable.
ActivityDelegates and supervises more than direct involvement.Direct Involvement.Direct involvement more than delegation.
RiskCarefulModerate risk-takersModerate risk taker
StatusConcerned with status symbols.No concern with status symbols.Not concerned with traditional status symbols- desires independence.
Failure and MistakesTries to avoid mistakes and surprisesDeals with mistakes and failuresAttempts to hide risky projects from view until ready
DecisionsUsually agrees with those in upper management positions.Follows dream with decisions.Able to get others to agree to help achieve a dream.
Who servesOthersSelf and customersSelf, customers, and sponsors
Family historyFamily members worked for large organizations.Entrepreneurial small business, professional, or farm backgroundEntrepreneurial small-business, professional. or firm background
Relationship with othershierarchy as a basic relationshipTransactions and deal-making as the basic relationshipTransactions within hierarchy